Filariasis is the name for a group of tropical diseases caused by various thread-like parasitic round worms and their larvae. They are transmitted to humans mainly by the black fly (lays eggs in a skin wound) and mosquito bite. In all cases, a mosquito first bites an infected individual then bites another uninfected individual, transferring some of the worm larvae to the new host. Once inside the body, the larvae migrate to a particular area of the body and mature to adult worms.
Over a hundred million people in the tropical and subtropical areas of southeast Asia, South America, Africa, and the islands of the Pacific are infected by this debilitating parasitic disease. While filariasis is rarely fatal, it is the second leading cause of permanent and long-term disability in the world.
Filariasis is characterized by fever, chills, headache, and skin lesions in the early stages. If untreated, it can progress to include gross enlargement of the limbs and genitalia in a condition called elephantiasis, which results in lymphatic filariasis. Filariasis is classified into three distinct types based on the part of the body that becomes infected:
- subcutaneous filariasis infects the areas beneath the skin and whites of the eye (African eye worm)
- serous cavity filariasis infects body cavities, but does not cause disease
- lymphatic filariasis affects the circulatory system that moves tissue fluid and immune cells
Several different types of worms can be responsible for each type of filariasis, all of which have been included in this detox remedy.