All types of acne - blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, papule, pustules, nodules and cysts - develop when pores in our skin become clogged. The culprit is sebum [see-bum], an oil in our skin. Our bodies make more sebum when our hormones surge. This is why teens get acne. This is why women often breakout before their periods. Allergies and intestinal problems can lead to excess sebum as well.
What happens inside the clogged pore determines the type of acne we see. A blackhead appears when sebum and dead skin cells clog the pore. While the pore is clogged, its surface remains open. This lets us look into the pore and see a black color.
A whitehead forms when the excess oil and dead skin cells clog the pore and block the opening of the pore. Acne develops where we have the most sebaceous glands. These glands make sebum and are found in the greatest number on our face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms.
But excess oil does more than clog pores. Bacteria that normally live on our skin, P. acnes, thrive in this excess oil. Immersed in excess oil, the bacteria can rapidly increase in number. As the bacteria multiply in a clogged pore, the pore becomes inflamed. Inflammation is what causes a pimple to look red, hot, and swollen. When inflammation reaches deep into the skin, an acne cyst forms. This is the most severe type of acne. Cysts can be very painful. If pustule, nodule or cystic acne is not corrected it can lead to severe acne known as Acne Conglobata (vulgaris), Acne Fulminans, Gram Negative Folliculitis, Nodulocystic Acne.
NOTE: Acne is not really a skin problem, the skin is the side effect, the symptom of the deeper issue. Constipation! Show me a person with acne and I give you a person with too much accumulated waste in their system. If the bowels are not evacuating at least twice a day, consider some Bowel Stimulant. If you tend to eat too much junk food, use the IC-2 to clean out some waste. Yes, Proactive and various facial washes / treatments may help, but stop them and see what happens. Why? Because you didn't fix the cause. Since hormones fluctuate in the years leading up to menopause, many women in their 40s and 50s get acne. Is it just the hormones? No. Why do other women have no skin problems? When hormones surge, the liver is in charge of cleaning the excess away. The person with liver congestion is the one who gets the acne.